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0371 | Of Human Bondage | W. Somerset Maugham

0371 | Of Human Bondage | W. Somerset Maugham

Context: Finished this off the day that we hiked up Tavurvur, an active volcano just outside Rabaul surrounded by sea so hot it boiled!


The only Maugham I’ve tackled before was Cakes & Ale. That was okay, but not the best book I’d ever read. So, it was with some uncertainty that I approached this which is far longer. A couple of short chapters in though and I was hooked. The story of Philip’s life from the tender age of 9 until his early 30s had many parallels with my own but in terms of the events that befall him. But, the strength of this book lies not in the sensationalism created by unexpected happenings. Rather it’s in the slow realisation that Maugham is weaving a very deft parable of the human condition relevant to us all.

If I’d read this when I was in my early 20s, instead of my early 40s, it would have been a very different book. I would have found a lot in Philip’s childhood which echoed my own (separation from parents, the Dickensian boarding school, the loneliness of incessant bullying, the discovery of the passion of reading… and the escape it provides). But I doubt very much that I’d have been wise enough to learn the lessons Philip then goes on to learn. I doubt I would have profited at his expense even if someone had pointed out what those lessons were.

Somehow though, as I write this, I feel Maugham standing over me saying, “That’s precisely my point, old boy.” We have to learn the lessons of youth the hard way for two reasons, one our own fault and one the fault of others. Firstly, we are often bound to think that we know what is best for us, at least in the west. And from the lofty vantage point we have already raised ourselves to, we can see nothing to impede our progress further towards our aims. We are ignorant that we don’t really know what we are aiming for (false-summits abound in life) and we forget to look at ourselves, exactly the place where most of our adult problems originate. Secondly, there are very few people further on than us who bother to turn back and speak to us of the problems they encountered. For some, it’s too painful. For others, it’s best forgotten. And even fewer of those who can share are able to phrase it in a way that youth actually understands.

So, for the vast majority of us, Philip’s struggle against the eponymous human bondage is a mirror of our own. For this reason, I urge you to read this book. And I’d go so far as to urge you to re-read it every decade. I plan to do so in 2022, if I get that far. Philip yearns for freedom, for love, for acceptance, for purpose… and he blunders around thrown from one life encounter to another in something resembling cosmic pinball. You both rejoice and weep with him. You sit with him on the rollercoaster and, the journey being very intimate, your cheek catches the occasional fleck of vomit.

Very few writers can create characters as rich as Maugham has done with Philip. I was very much impressed by his life and what he learns from it. The way the character matures through the book is so subtle you need to watch out for it. The recurring relationships he has with women are a great device to see this maturity develop, particularly with that of Mildred, a character I shan’t forget in a hurry. I wonder if anyone has ever dramatised this for more than the big screen. A film-length version wouldn’t do it justice. It would make a fantastic drama series.

Anyway, in closing, I must note something that I don’t think has ever happened to me before. I was astonished some way towards the end to find Philip reading a book which turns out to be The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle by Tobias Smollett. Guess what my audio book was while I was reading Of Human Bondage. Yep, Peregrine Pickle. Amazing. Nice to know that Philip and I share some literary pathways!


The day broke grey and dull.


This far into the book, some of the plot might be revealed. If you want to see the quote, click show


Insensibly he formed the most delightful habit in the world, the habit of reading: he did not know that thus he was providing himself a refuge from all the distress of life; he did not know either that he was creating for himself an unreal world which would make the real world of every day a source of bitter disappointment.

he had been taught by his uncle that his prayers were more acceptable to God if he said them in his nightshirt rather than if he waited until he was dressed. This did not surprise him, for he was beginning to realise that he was the creature of a God who appreciated the discomfort of his worshippers.

It is an illusion that youth is happy, an illusion of those who have lost it; but the young know they are wretched, for they are full of the truthless ideals which have been instilled into them, and each time they come in contact with the real they are bruised and wounded. It looks as if they were victims of a conspiracy; for the books they read, ideal by the necessity of selection, and the conversation of their elders, who look back upon the past through a rosy haze of forgetfulness, prepare them for an unreal life. They must discover for themselves that all they have read and all they have been told are lies, lies, lies; and each discovery is another nail driven into the body on the cross of life.

Like all weak men, he laid an exaggerated stress on not changing one’s mind.

“It is cruel to discover one’s mediocrity only when it is too late. It does not improve the temper.”

“I daresay one profits more by the mistakes one makes off one’s own bat than by doing the right thing on somebody else’s advice.”

“Oh life,” he cried in his heart, “Oh life, where is thy sting?”


This might give the game away. If you want to see the last line, click show


0371 | Of Human Bondage | Maugham | 90% | Superb

Key: Legacy | Plot / toPic | Characterisation / faCts | Readability | Achievement | Style Read more about how I come up with my ratings

5 comments… add one
  • Irina 21 May, 2012, 3:35 am

    I absolutely love Maugham’s writing! I’ve read several of his’ novels and “The Painted Veil” would be my favorite. I just started “Writer’s Notebook.” It’s superb! To me, he is he of those writers that can create a whole world in just one sentence. He does ‘show’ instead of ‘telling.’ I hope you get your hands on “The Painted Veil” as well as get to see a movie based on the novel with Edward Norton.

  • Melissa 21 May, 2012, 7:48 pm

    Maugham has been on my list for such a long time. I may have to start with this one.

  • Prem 22 May, 2012, 11:54 am

    Hey John,

    Quite an experience, isnt it? To discover that you and the character read/listen to the same book 🙂
    something like this happened to me when I was watching an Indian Movie and a character reads a book (Mans search for meaning by Viktor Frankl) and I had the same book with me.

    Just felt like sharing this with you.

  • Arukiyomi 23 May, 2012, 12:51 pm

    @ Irina: he wrote The Painted Veil?? I had no idea. I loved the film. Thanks for the recommendation Irina.

    @ Melissa: I don’t think you could start with anything better myself.

    @ Prem: great to hear that serendipity doesn’t only happen to me.

  • Jenni 15 August, 2012, 3:10 pm

    One of my fave books, and the only reason I picked it up was because I was staying with my parents and it was the only book I could find that was in the 1001!! So excited about reading more!

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